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Daily Current Events by Civils360 November 15, 2017

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Delhi Air Pollution: Read Here

  • Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) says all cities should be mandated to implement clean air action plan in a time-bound manner to meet clean air standards.
  • It suggested ensuring massive energy transition to bring clean fuels in transport, industry, power sector and in households and the paradigm shift in waste management to control waste burning, construction waste and crop waste.
  • As per Lancet study, outdoor air pollution was responsible for six percent of the total disease burden in India in 2016. It provides evidence that comprehensive and long-term strategies for reducing air pollution are critical to protecting public health.

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Indo US Relations: Read Here

  • P.M. of India held very expansive talks with Trump and reviewed the strategic landscape in Asia. He also attended the ASEAN-India and East Asia summits besides holding a series of bilateral meetings with a number of leaders.

  • It signals deeper cooperation by the two countries in dealing with sensitive security issues confronting the region. Global issues including terrorism emanating from Pakistan, North Korea’s missile tests, the situation in Afghanistan and also the Gulf region and other local issues like the invasion of South China Sea by China also was involved in their discussion.
  • Also, Indian P.M. had detailed talks with counterparts of other nations like Philipines, Australia etc. inking pacts on defence, security etc as well. The broad engagement India is showing recently can be viewed as an assertive nature of foreign policy post-Doklam scenario.

Cooperative Federalism: Read Here

  • The Central government will allocate funds under the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRWDP) based on the performance of the states.
  • Recently, Union Cabinet restructured the NRDWP to focus on sustainability of schemes and ensure quality service in rural areas.
  • The allocation of the Central fund will be given only after the states spend their own share for implementing NRDWP projects. It will improve the efficiency of fund allocation. The proposed amendments will make the programme flexible, result oriented and competitive.

Lifestyle and Health: Read Here

  • Recently released “health of the nation”state-level disease burden study has found both developed and developing states in India are facing different sets of health issues.
  • While Empowered Action Group (EAG) states continue to battle child and maternal malnutrition. However, it also shows that developed states such as Tamil Nadu, Kerala etc. have become hubs of non-communicable diseases including cancer and lifestyle-linked issues.
  • The report shows that NCDs are on the rise. 55.4% of health issues in 2016 are from NCD while it was about 30% in 1990.Individual states in India are in different phases of epidemiological transition, and this has resulted in wide inequalities in the magnitude and progress against various diseases and their causes.
  • This report has major policy implications for national and local governments. National Health Policy has rightly targeted the focus on NCD from communicable diseases. Along with that, we need state-specific action plans to deal with the major health issues.

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Economic Development: Read Here

  • India has multiple problems to solve—its sclerotic politics, its clogged infrastructure, its choked judicial system, its lack of investable capital, its interfering and inefficient state. But perhaps the greatest hurdle is its poor stock of human capital. 
  • Without better education, health, skills and occupational mobility, India won’t be able to build a middle class and its efforts to succeed China cannot be possible.
  • As per the reports, India is not faring well in case of employment field. Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy report states that almost 1.5 million people lost their jobs during the first four months of 2017, while another 420,000 jobs vanished in the next four months.
  • Policy-wise, India has adopted National Manufacturing Policy, New Industrial Policy etc. However the vision of ‘Make in India’ stays a dream still because conditions haven’t improved enough to encourage serious investment in manufacturing. More people in India’s labour force still remain unskilled.