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Daily Current Events by Civils360 November 13, 2017

GS 2

Education: Read Here

  • Union Human Resource Development Minister said that Kasturirangan Committee on the new education policy was expected to submit its first draft by the end of December.
  • However, he did not offer a clear date as to when the policy would be implemented. He ensured the draft policy will be vital to ensure quality education from 2020 to 2040.
  • It will offer a new vision of modern thought and growth in science, technology and human values. It will ensure that good human beings and good citizens are nurtured.
  • Kasturirangan Committee was set up after T.S.R. Subrahmaniam committee submitted the draft policy on education. The latters’ recommendations  were used as inputs for the policy.

Quadrilateral Meeting : Read Here

  • Sea rights and cooperation to  to curtail North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes and unlawful acts were on the agenda for meeting.
  • Indian diplomats emphasized that the quadrilateral was not aimed at any other country and said New Delhi was also involved in similar groupings in the region to deal with security and political issues.
  • India’s membership in quadrilateral meeting shows her commitment towards deepening engagement with ASEAN and India-Pacific region. It is a boost to Act East Policy as well.

Judiciary : Read Here

  • On November 9 , a writ petition was filed in Supreme Court. The petition sought an independent investigation into an alleged act of corruption which may involve members of the higher judiciary.
  • As the matter was concerned to the integrity and credibility of the judiciary, the judge hearing the petition took adequate measures of having case dairy produced on a closed seal in front of SC bench.
  • The investigation relates to a judge who is a former judge in the Odisha high court. CJI have overruled the decision of judge and overruled a selection of constitution bench to hear the case.
  • Usually for hearing such sensitive cases, senior most judges are constituted like the election appeal case of Indira Gandhi. However, while constituting the bench for this case, CJI hurriedly constituted a bench which do not have any senior most judges except himself.
  • Now there is no provision in the constitution that only the chief justice can constitute benches. At best, such power can be traced to a rule or convention. Both of these do not bind the Supreme Court in view of Article 142.
  • CJI cannot take any decision in this matter because of conflict of interest as the investigation may point to his involvement as well.

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Informal Economy: Read Here

  • The central government has hatched a new plan to generate jobs: empower the informal economy.
  • Skills ministry has proposed to reach out to thousands of barefoot entrepreneurs in the informal economy to train, mentor and equip them to join the formal economy. It will help in creating hundreds of thousands of new jobs.
  • Nearly 30 million establishments are in the informal economy in India according to government estimates. If 15 million of such establishments add even one more employee to their current capacity then 15 million new jobs will get created.
  •  Government schemes like Mudra Yojana provide the necessary capital for the aspiring entrepreneurs. These schemes are necessary to address the problem of jobless growth in India.

Labor issues: Read Here

  • India’s jump from 130th  to 100th  rank in the Ease of Doing Business  exercise by the World Bank has been celebrated across the media. However labor pays the price in such a situation.
  • Although labor market regulation has not been ranked since 2010 due to a chorus of criticism, it figures in the regulatory mindset of World Bank.
  • The problem is that business and ruling parties ignore the marked contrast in the rankings on components of social and economic progress. While India has “arguably” got a good rating on business ease, in other realms it fares badly. The Global Wage Report of ILO shows income distribution in India in poor light.
  •  The highest-paid top 10 per cent of income groups receive almost 43 per cent of total wages paid to all employees, whereas the lowest-paid bottom 50 per cent income groups receive only 17 per cent. India was rated 149 out of 152 countries on social spending, 91 on progressive taxation and 86 on labor rights by the recent policy report of Development Finance International and Oxfam.
  •  It is significant that the department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP) in the commerce and industries ministry has replaced the labor ministry in dealing with matters concerning labor laws. IT has enhanced the conflicts between ease of doing business vs labour rights as focus has been turned to deregulate labour rights to achieve ease of doing business.