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Daily Current Events by Civils360 November 11, 2017

GS1

Pollution:  Read Here

  • Green committee cites pollution fears to stall  the proposed terminal and capacity enhancement of berths operated by JSW’s Marmagao port plan.

  • Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) for Infrastructure and CRZ projects of the Union Environment Ministry has taken the decision because levels of  particulate matter is exceeding the prescribed limits for the present handling capacities at the port.
  •  Main reason for increase in pollution is the transport of coal by rail, road and water across Goa, which showed that it is being moved at the rate of 25 tonnes per minute, raising concerns over pollution levels.
  • JSW is alternatively focusing on environmental friendly material handling system which focuses on better utilisation of existing resources and overall net reduction in the pollution level due to retrofitting material handling systems

GS2

Judicial conflicts: Read Here

  • Chief Justice of India overruled one of S.C. judges decision about constituting a bench for hearing cases about judicial corruption. HE said that it is the prerogative of the Chief Justice to decide what matter is heard by which judge.
  • CJI asserted his role as “the master of the roster” in order to protect the Supreme Court from “anarchy”.
  • The matter concerns two petitions seeking a probe by a special investigation team (SIT) into allegations of corruption contained in a first information report registered by the CBI.
  • The petitions, filed by  NGO Campaign for Judicial Accountability and Reforms, said Chief Justice Misra should not be part of any proceedings, either administrative or judicial, in the case because he was leading the Bench that had heard and decided the case of the medical college in question of corruption.
  • The transparency, accountability of judiciary is lost by these kind of actions from CJI. In-fact many argue that  judicial institution would crumble if every judge acts like the Chief Justice of India.

Geopolitics of Asia-Pacific: Read Here

  • US President gave promise of a revival of economic and strategic partnership to countries across Asia and the Pacific region. He identified India and Japan as key stakeholders to promote stability in the “Indo-Pacific region”.
  •  The prolonged visit of US president is seen as an attempt to underscore US commitment to the region that is seemingly overshadowed by the aggressive rise of China.
  • He outlined vision of a “free and open Indo-Pacific”, where all countries played by the rules and engaged in fair trade to achieve prosperity.
  • He gave focus to the emerging power regions , that is the Indo-Pacific region as well and outlined importance of India to balance the geopolitical struggles in Asia- Pacific region.
  • Referring to China’s unfair trade practices and economic aggression, he opined that If the Indo-Pacific dream, if it’s going to be realized, all countries must play the rule ethically.
  • He also called on the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank to direct their efforts toward high quality infrastructure investment that promotes economic growth in the region.

GS3

Organised Sector: Read Here

  • At a time when the government is talking of the benefits of formalizing the informal sector, what we’reseeing is the increasing informalization of the workforce in the organized sector.
  • In 2014-15 as much as 93.9% of the addition to the workforce in the formal manufacturing sector was hired through contractors. That means these people weren’t directly employed by the manufacturing companies.
  • The number of contractual employees is growing by leaps and bounds—they accounted for 16% of the total manufacturing workforce in the formal sector in 1998-99 and by 2014-15 they were 35%.
  • Even though . government has come up with schemes like PM Rojgar Protsahan Yojana and steps to rationalise multiple labor laws, yet the ground reality remains that informal laborers are on rise in the economy.

Employment: Read Here

  • Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister laid out a road map for stepping up skill development, job creation; enhanced resource investment in the social sector, including for health and education, and boosting infrastructure financing.
  • It also deliberated upon improvements needed in national accounts and innovative steps for unlocking growth, exports and employment potential of growth drivers — including through transformation of India’s gold market.
  • Recommendations were also made to guide the evolving framework for the 15th Finance Commission, including the incentivisation of States for achieving health, education and social inclusion outcomes.
  • Skill development initiatives were formulated so as to reach out to youth and women who a re integral for India to reap the benefits of demographic dividend.
  • The Council is also evolving the design of a new economy tracking monitor, linking economic growth indicators with social indicators for last mile connectivity.