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Daily Current Events by Civils360 November 10, 2017

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Russian Revolution and Indian national movement: Read here

  • The leaders of the October Revolution were sympathetic to anti-colonial movements. For instance, Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik party that led the Revolution, firmly asserted that support publicly in November 1917.

  • The Revolution marks economic connections with public enterprise, five-year planning concept and self-sufficiency that are unpopular as well as Cold War foreign policy that many would like to forget.

  • There is a strong tendency to downplay how the Revolution’s course marked the way in which the national movement gained momentum towards the build-up to the Non-Cooperation Movement — drawing stimulus and support from the Revolution.
  • The revolutionaries Mohammed Barkatullah, Mahindra Pratap and Obaidullah Sindhi established a Provisional Government of India in Kabul with German assistance in 1916. The Provisional Government of India repeatedly attempted to draw the Imperial Russian government into its efforts, but with little success.
  • The October Revolution altered this state of affairs. By January 1919, a small group formed in Moscow to develop this connection, under the leadership of an associate of Lenin and Virendranath Chattopadhyay.the network between Barkatullah and Bolshevism gained strength, held together by radio communications between different towns and full-scale participation of Barkatullah’s supporters in sustaining anti- British propaganda.
  • Full-blown Russian monetary and munitions support now flowed into tribal insurgencies in Waziristan in 1920 — insurgencies that British forces found difficult to contain. The destabilization of the territory added to the impact of the Champaran and Rowlatt satyagrahas in British India

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Judiciary: Read Here

  • Constitution Bench will hear plea for probe into an alleged attempt to bribe Supreme Court judges. The Supreme Court bench invoked its powers under Article 142 of the constitution which gives power to SC to pass a decree and make such order as is necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it.

  • SC judges when hearing the case for first time refferred to  Section 8 of the PCA deals with the offence of taking gratification, in order, by corrupt or illegal means, to influence a public servant and quoted an instance under which a retired HC judge is charged with it.
  • The case involves a medical college set up by the Prasad Education Trust in Lucknow. The Medical Council of India (MCI) found it guilty of non-compliance with the requirements for setting up a medical college.
  • The Allahabad high court directed that the college should not be delisted from the list of colleges notified for counselling till the next date of listing the case. CBI charged an FIR against one of the judges on account of bribery.

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Cybersecurity: Read Here

  • In 2015, Gulshan Rai committee recommended for establishing an office of  Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre and gave a call for coordination among data protection agencies to have cybersecurity.Following that, the Indian government recently constituted another committee for a legal mechanism for data protection.
  • Indian Government will release concept paper on Data Protection Act within a week seeking stakeholders’ comments and public scrutiny to handle issues concerning interoperability, security and privacy of new emerging technologies s
  • First of all, there should be a proper definition of security standards and protocols. B.N.Srikrishna Committee was appointed by GoI to chart out a  legal protection mechanism for digitally connected users.
  • Lack of international jurisdiction, an inadequate international framework to protect cybersecurity also remains a concern. Committee wanted to have a safety mechanism and framework in place in place before we incorporate the use of the technology in the smart cities.

 GST: Read Here

  • The scheme allows taxes to be paid at a concessional rate and makes compliance easy.The GST council will trim items that attract the highest 28% GST rate and unveil concessions for businesses. Key decisions include tax rate cut from 28% to 18% on many mass use items, composition scheme to have 1% flat tax rate for small and medium enterprises, traders and eateries.
  • It will partly alleviate the distress faced by small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The scheme allows taxes to be paid at a concessional rate and makes compliance easy.
  • Permission for big businesses to file GST returns quarterly instead of monthly, pruning the list of items in the highest tax slab of 28% and raising the sales ceiling for small businesses from Rs1 crore to Rs1.5 crore to avail of the composition scheme is among the proposals before the GST Council.
  • However, some members of GST Council believe that while change should be initiated to correct flaws, care should be taken not to dilute the tax reform. They believe a logical approach should be adopted towards relaxations to be given to businesses and it should not be politically motivated.