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DAILY CURRENT EVENTS CIVILS360

AUGUST 19, 2017

North States reel under swine flu

  • While Gujarat may be one of the States worst-hit by swine flu this year with 242 deaths recorded so far, many other States are also reeling under the impact of the virus.
  • Rajasthan, Punjab and Delhi have not been spared the H1N1 influenza, with several deaths being reported from these places.
  • Doctors said there has been a spurt in the number of swine flu cases recorded by the national surveillance body, the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme.

NGT asks Uttarakhand to respond on rehab of villagers

  • The National Green Tribunal on Friday directed the Uttarakhand government to file an affidavit with regard to rehabilitation of villagers living inside the eco-sensitive Rajaji National Park in the State.

National Green Tribunal

  • National Green Tribunal is a statutory body established by a Government Notification using the powers of Section 3 of the NGT Act 2010. It has replaced National Environment Appellate Authority.

Chairperson and Members of NGT

  • It has a full time chairperson and following members:
  • At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Judicial members
  • At least 10 and maximum 20 Full time Expert Members

Qualification for Chairperson

  • The person should have been either a Judge of India’s Supreme Court or Chief Justice of a High Court in India.

Qualification for Judicial member

  • A Judge of Supreme Court of India, Chief Justice of High Court, Judge of a High Court

Qualification for Expert members

  • Either a degree in Master of Science (in physical sciences or life sciences) with a Doctorate degree or Master of Engineering or Master of Technology
  • Or an experience of fifteen years in the relevant field and administrative experience of fifteen years in Central or a State Government or in a reputed National or State level institution.
  • Appointment of members is done by Central Government.
  • Chairperson of NGT is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
  • Judicial Members and Expert Members ofthe Tribunal are appointed on the recommendations of such Selection Committee.
  • Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member hold office for 5 years.
  • Maximum age of the chairman 70 years if he has been a Supreme Court Judge and 67 years, if he has been a high court judge.

Jurisdiction

  • The National Green Tribunal has jurisdiction over all civil cases where a substantial question relating to environment (including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment), is involved and such question arises out of the implementation of the enactments specified in Schedule I of the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. The acts listed in Schedule 1 are:
  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  • The Water (Prevention and Control o[Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
  • The Forest (Conservation) Act,
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  • It would deal with all environmental laws on air and water pollution, the Environment Protection Act, the Forest Conservation Act and the Biodiversity Act.

Assam seeks help; plans to dredge Brahmaputra bed

  • Facing the worst floods in a decade, the Assam government has decided to start dredging and deepening the entire river bed of the Brahmaputra across the State from September.
  • As many as five dredgers will be used for deepening the river bed, starting from Sadiya in the north of Assam to Dhubri in the south.
  • The State Government has also decided to prepare a detailed project report to build a 725 km Brahmaputra Expressway along both the banks of the river with the sand recovered from the dredging.
  • “We believe it will not only improve the water carrying capacity of the Brahmaputra but also make the river navigable for bigger cargo ships. That used to be the case before Independence,” Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal told The Hindu .
  • Assam government officials say heavy siltation has made the river bed shallow and reduced the water-carrying capacity.

Free dialysis facility in govt. hospitals launched

  • In a major initiative in the public health sector, the Telangana Government on Friday launched the first dialysis centre set up in the public-private-partnership (PPP) model at Siddipet in the State.
  • Seen as a major boon to poor patients suffering from kidney-related problems, the PPP dialysis centres will come up at 39 government hospitals in all in the State and a total of 73 units with single-used filters will be made available. All those suffering from the problem and having Aarogya Sri health cards could undergo dialysis without any payment at these centres.
  • According to the officials of Medical and Health Department, the single-used filter dialysis facility is being introduced for the first time in the public health sector in the country in Telangana. The single-used filter system would give no scope for infection compared to re-use of filters after cleaning it in the existing method.
  • In the existing system filters would be used repeatedly by cleaning them after every use, thus increasing the chances of infection to patients. No where in the country is the single-used filter system being used in the public health sector, the officials said.