Daily Current Affairs for UPSC July 14 2017
- Health Department is gearing up for the first vaccination drive against rotavirus across the State.
- The oral vaccination, five drops at a time, will be given to babies in three stages – in the sixth, the tenth and fourteenth week.
- The vaccination drive is being launched to combat rotavirus which causes severe diarrhoea amounting to high mortality among children aged below five.
- While the vaccination is given free of cost at Government institutions, Rs 1,000 per vaccine is charged at private facilities. Manufactured in India, the vaccine will be available at all tertiary, secondary and primary level Government hospitals.
- While the drive primarily aims to cover those depending on Government hospitals from pre-natal to post-natal care, children born at private hospitals can also make use of the free vaccine.
- The training has already been given to medical officers, Integrated Child Development Scheme workers, and Village Health Nurses in all districts for better coordination in the vaccination drive and effective results.
- The tough parliamentary battle awaiting the British government over its Brexit strategy was highlighted on Thursday, as it published the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, better known as the repeal bill, which will replace the legislation that initially took Britain into the union, ends the supremacy of EU law in the country, and convert it into U.K. law.
- While the government said the Bill was designed to ensure Britain exited the union with “maximum certainty, continuity and control”, Opposition parties have sharply criticised elements of the legislation and warned they would block it.
- Among the most controversial elements of the bill is the decision to abandon the EU’s charter of fundamental rights, which sets out, in a single document, all the fundamental civil, social, political rights and protections of EU citizens, and give the government sweeping powers to make changes without thorough parliamentary scrutiny.
- The Bill also provoked an angry response from the governments of Scotland and Wales, which warned they would vote against it in its current form.
- The Prime Minister-appointed task force has recommended that traditional Employment-Unemployment Surveys carried out by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) every five years be scrapped.
- The panel has instead suggested a new periodic labour force survey to provide estimates of labour force, employment, unemployment, nature of employment and industry.
- To get more frequent employment trends data, an urban module of this survey will be updated every quarter.
- The recommendation comes amidst criticism about the lack of adequate jobs as well as a debate over jobs cuts in the economy.
- However, refuting criticism, the task force, headed by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya, in the report has mentioned that “much of the recent debate on jobs in the media has relied on the estimates from the Quarterly Enterprise Surveys,” which has “severe limitations”.
- QES conducted by Labour Bureau measure employment in eight broad sectors of industry and services.
- A time use survey should also be conducted at three-year intervals to provide data on time spent in various occupations and non-market activities, the panel said.
- “This survey will collect information on how individuals allocate their time over a specified time period, usually a day or a week.”
- The survey will help track how time spent by households has been changing and measure women’s participation in unpaid work.
- The centre can tap the GST Network database as a sample frame for a new annual survey of enterprises.
- Scientists have designed a new solar cell that converts direct sunlight to electricity with 44.5% efficiency, and may potentially be the most efficient solar cell in the world.
- The prototype device integrates multiple cells stacked into a single device capable of capturing nearly all of the energy in the solar spectrum, said researchers at George Washington University in the United States.
- The new device uses concentrator photovoltaic panels, which employ lenses to concentrate sunlight onto tiny, microscale solar cells.