the-morley-minto-reforms
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

 

  • Councils Act 1909 (Morley-Minto Reforms)

 

    • Size of legislative councils at centre and provinces refixed
      • Centre – raised 16 to 60
      • Major province – 50
      • Minor Province – 30
    • Additional seats are both elected and nominated
    • Functional representation was followed
    • Retained official majority at centre but allowed non-official majority at province
    • Allowed Indians in executive council
    • Satyendra Prasad Sinha first Indian Law member
    • Deliberative functions of legislative council enlarged;
    • Permitted¬†Supplementary questions,¬†Resolutions etc
    • The communal electorate for Muslims — thus legalised communalism
    • Thus ‘ Lord Minto came to be known as Father of communal electorate
    • No. of executive councillors in 3 major presidencies, Bombay, Madras and Bengal increased
    • Separate representation for presidency corporations, chamber of commerce, universities and zamindars