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  • Government of India Act 1919 (Montague – Chelmsford Reforms)

 

    • Act of 1919 Separated Central and Provincial subjects & respective legislatures were authorised to make laws on their respective subjects
    • Diarchy at province; Provincial subjects were further divided into transferred subjects and reserved subjects
    • Transferred subjects were to be administered by governors with the aid of ministers responsible to legislature
    • Reserved subjects were to be administered by governor with his executive council without responsibility to legislature
    • Bicameralism introduced at centre
      • Council of states: Upper house
      • Legislative Assembly: Lower house
    • Majority of members are directly elected
    • Franchise granted according to property, tax or education i.e. to a limited number of people
    • Number of Indian members in the 6 member executive council of Viceroy became 3 other than CIC
    • Communal representation extended to Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, and Europeans
    • Provided a new office of High Commissioner of India in London and transferred some of the functions of SOS to him; SOS to be paid salary out of British revenue
    • Central and Provincial budgets separated & provincial legislatures have given the power to enact their budgets
    • Provided for the establishment of PSC (1926, for recruitment of civil servants)
    • Statutory commission to be appointed after 10 years to report on the working
    • For the purpose of ‘responsible government’