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  • Communal Award 1932

 

      • August 1932, British PM Ramsay McDonald announced communal representation for minorities which extended to depressed Hindu Classes called ”Communal Award” Gandhi took fast unto death and reached agreement with depressed classes – Poona Pact
      • Retained Hindu joint electorate and gave reserved seats for the depressed classes

 

  • Government of India Act 1935

 

    • W.R.T Federation
      • Establishment of an Indian federation consisting of princely states and provinces (not implemented as princely states opposed
      • Division of power
        • Federal List – 59 items
        • Provincial List – 54 items
        • Concurrent List – 36 items
      • Residuary powers vested in viceroy
      • Adopted Diarchy at Centre with federal list divided into transferred and
      • reserved subjects (not implemented)
      • Council of India (1858) abolished
      • Establishment of Reserve Bank
      • Establishment of Federal Court (1937)
    • W.R.T Provinces
      • Diarchy was Abolished and Provincial autonomy was introduced
      • Governor was required to act on the advice of ministers responsible to Provincial legislature (came into effect in 1937; withdrawnin1939)
      • Bicameralism at 6 of the 11 provinces; Bihar, Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Assam, United Provinces
    • Miscellaneous
      • Communal representation to depressed classes, women and labour
      • Extended Franchise with which 10% of total population got voting right
      • Federal, Provincial & Joint (two or more provinces) Public Service Commissions