1861 Indian-councils-act-
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  • Councils Act 1861

 

    • Act of 1861 reversed the centralisation – Madras and Bombay restored with legislative powers
    • New legislative councils for Bengal (1862), North Western Frontier (1866), Punjab (1897)
    • Viceroy empowered to make rules and orders for the convenient transaction of business
    • Recognised portfolio system introduced by Canning in 1858 Authorised Viceroy to issue ordinances and even without approval
    • Authorised Viceroy to issue ordinances and even without approval of Legislative council during emergencies
    • Viceroy could nominate Indians to law making process, by nominating Indians as nonofficial members
    • Canning in1862 nominated
      • Raja of Benaras
      • Maharaja of Patiala
      • Sir Dinkar Rao