Sustainable Development Goals(SDG)
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
UN officially adopts ambitious new set of global goals
- The 193-Member United Nations General Assembly has formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, along with a set of bold new Global Goals, which are being hailed as a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world.
- Aim to combat poverty, inequality and climate change over the next 15 years in the most comprehensive international effort ever to tackle the world’s ills.
What are the SDGs?
- Set of 17 goals and 169 targets aimed at resolving global social, economic and environmental problems.
- To replace the MDGs which were adopted in 2000 and expire 2015.
- According to the UN’s own estimates, achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets meant to transform the world will require over 250 billion dollars annually for the next 15 years.
What did the MDGs accomplish?
- More than halving the number of people living in extreme poverty, to 836 million in 2015 from 1.9 billion in 1990
- Gender parity in primary schools in the majority of countries
- Reducing the rate of children dying before their fifth birthday to 43 deaths per 1,000 live births from 90
- A fall of 45% in the maternal mortality ratio worldwide
- Some 37 million lives saved by TB prevention and treatment, over 6.2 million malaria deaths averted, and new HIV infection rates down by around 40%
- Access to improved sanitation for 2.1 billion people
Why do we need SDGs?
- Some 795 million people around the world still go hungry and around 800 million people live in extreme poverty, with fragile and conflict-torn states experiencing the highest poverty rates between 2008 and 2012,
- 144 million people were displaced from their homes by natural disasters, a number predicted to rise as the planet warms, bringing more extreme weather and rising seas water scarcity affects 40% of the global population and is projected to increase
- Some 946 million people still practice open defecation
- Gender inequality persists in spite of more representation for women in parliaments and more girls going to school
- 57 million children still denied right to primary education
- SDGs are non binding.
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