Daily Current Events by Civils360 January 5, 2018
Capital Punishment: Read Here
- Supreme Court has sought less painful means of execution. The Centre told the Supreme Court on Tuesday that there is no viable method presently other than hanging to execute condemned prisoners. Lethal injections are unworkable and often fail.
- The court had previously said a condemned convict should die in peace and not in pain. A human being is entitled to dignity even in death. Issuing notice, the court had earlier asked the government to consider the dynamic progress made in modern science to adopt painless methods of causing death.
- The court has already clarified that it is not questioning the constitutionality of the death penalty, which has been well settled by the court, including in Deena versus Union of India and earlier in the Bachan Singh case reported in 1980. Section 354 (5), which mandates death by hanging, of the Code of Criminal Procedure, has already been upheld.
PIO: Read Here
India on Tuesday reached out to lawmakers of Indian origin spread across the world seeking support for its emerging status as a global power. External Affairs Minister in the First PIO Parliamentarian Conference urged the legislators and political figures to consider the kind of contribution they could make for India’s global ambition.
- The PIO Parliamentarian forum was planned last year during a conversation with Prime Minister of India to connect the lawmakers of Indian origin with their ancestral land. PIO has helped to preserve Indian culture. On the other hand, they have excelled in sports, arts, cinema in the global platforms and have contributed to the residing countries welfare as well.
- External Affairs minister made special mention of the Indian community in Mauritius which had emerged as the leading player in the island nation. Gandhiji inspired people in Mauritius to get the education and increase political awareness and that is why after a few generations they have achieved political leadership.
Internal Security: Read Here
- According to the official data, there is a marked increase in the number of Chinese transgressions into the Indian side of the Line of Actual Control in last year which also saw the Indian and Chinese armies involved in a 73-day faceoff at Doklam on the Sikkim-Bhutan border. The number of faceoffs on the LAC also shot up by 48 per cent last year.
- There are 23 major areas of dispute on the LAC identified by the Indian side, where most Chinese transgressions take place and faceoffs occur. These include Pangong Tso and Spanggur Gap in Ladakh, Kaurik in Himachal Pradesh, Barahoti in Uttarakhand, and Namkha Chu and Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
- It means that China has definitely increased its patrols on the LAC. The number of transgressions can increase, and peace and tranquillity and status quo will be under greater stress in future. The increase in faceoff shows that India has now more patrolling capacity on the ground. But India needs to build more capacities for the future, be it giving the Army the operational control of ITBP, completing the long-pending 73 India-China border roads and providing better surveillance systems on the LAC.
Tax: Read Here
According to official data released on Tuesday, the net direct tax collections grew at a multi-year high of 18.2% in the April to December period. The provisional figures of direct tax collections up to December 2017 show that net collections are at Rs. 6.56 lakh crore which is 18.2% higher than the net collections for the corresponding period of last year.
- The net direct tax collections represent 67% of the total Budget Estimates of direct taxes for the financial year 2017-18 (Rs. 9.8 lakh crore).Net direct tax collections grew 12% in the same period of the previous financial year. Tax experts ascribe this quicker increase in direct tax collections to the government’s efforts to widen the tax net and increase compliance.
- Such an unprecedented increase in revenue could be attributed to demonetisation, GST and the government’s emphasis on digital transactions. CBDT had earlier issued instructions to step up efforts in tax collection by pursuing tax arrears and expediting even non-time barring cases where there was a possibility of raising tax demand.
Industrial Policy: Read Here
- The new industrial policy seeks to promote emerging sectors in the industry. The August draft envisaged attracting $100 billion in annual FDI. The new industrial policy will be released in the next few months.
- The proposed policy of which a draft has been prepared by the Ministry will completely revamp the Industrial Policy of 1991. Among other things, it would endeavour to reduce regulations and widen the purview of new industries currently in focus. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had floated a draft industrial policy whose aim is to create jobs over the next two decades, promote foreign technology transfer and attract $100 billion in FDI annually.
- Union Commerce Minister chaired a meeting of the task force on artificial intelligence (AI). The 18-member panel was constituted to explore possibilities to leverage AI for economic transformation.