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CIVILS360 DAILY CURRENT EVENTS

JULY 20,2017

China shows zero tolerance to ‘sovereignty’ threats

  • China’s insistence on the withdrawal of Indian troops from the Doklam plateau as a precondition for negotiations is consistent with its position on Tibet, Taiwan or the South China Sea — areas of hyper-sensitivity where Beijing perceives that its “territorial sovereignty” is at stake.

Dalai Lama issue

  • Asked to comment on Botswana’s invitation to Dalai Lama next month, the Chinese Foreign Ministry warned on Friday that the government in Gaborone must “correct” its decision.
  • China is firmly opposed to Dalai’s trip to any country for activities aimed at splitting China in any capacity or name, and contact with any official in any form in any country,

U.S. criticised

  • China perceives any encouragement to the Dalai Lama by foreign powers or military or political support to Taiwan as a challenge to its “One China” policy — a clear and unambiguous no-go area
  • Unsurprisingly, China slammed the United States on Monday, following the passage of the National Defense Authorisation Act for Fiscal Year 2018 by the House of Congress, which asks the U.S. Defence Secretary to look into the feasibility of re-establishing port calls between the U.S. and Taiwanese navies.

Indonesia’s move

  • China has also raised the red flag on Indonesia’s decision to issue a new official map renaming a part of the South China Sea (SCS) as the North Natuna Sea. The map apparently intersects a part of the Nine-Dash line, which defines China’s maritime boundary in the SCS, thus rejecting Beijing’s “sovereignty” in the entire area.

 

Can privacy be an absolute right: SC

  • In the day-long hearing before a packed courtroom, the Bench questioned the petitioners’ plea that right to privacy is non-negotiable. “If people have put themselves in the public realm using technology, is that not a surrender of their right to privacy?” Justice Chandrachud asked.
  • The court’s questions came even as petitioners banked on Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley’s statement in Parliament that privacy is ‘probably’ a fundamental right and ‘part of individual liberty’.
  • The statement was made on March 16, 2016 during the presentation of the Aadhaar Bill. Senior advocate Shyam Divan, for the petitioners, along with advocates Vipin Nair and P.B. Suresh, submitted that a person should have the right to ‘informational self-determination’.

Data protection

  • But Justice Chandrachud observed that right to privacy cannot be linked to data protection. He said this is the age of ‘big data’, and instead of focussing on privacy, steps need to be taken to give statutory recognition to data protection.

 

Owaisi brings Bill on mob violence

  • Asaduddin Owaisi, MP and All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen chief, has sent notice for a private members Bill in the Lok Sabha to combat mob violence, with sections to award a minimum 10 years’ imprisonment to public servants for “acts of omission”.
  • The Bill proposes special courts for trying cases of mob violence, with judges appointed by a collegium of five senior-most High Court judges.
  • The Bill proposes special courts for trying cases of mob violence, with judges appointed by a collegium of five senior-most High Court judges.
  • These courts will receive complaints of mob violence, set up special investigation teams and appoint public prosecutors.
  • The SIT and public prosecutor will also be under Supreme Court supervision.
  • Punishment up to life imprisonment, special compensation and witness protection are built into the Bill.
  • The most significant clause, however, is the award of penalties to public servants when such cases are not properly investigated, either due to malafide intentions or wilful neglect.
  • Mob violence include any act in which two or more persons injure, harm, oppress or threaten a person on the basis of his identity or prevent his enjoyment of a Constitutional right.