Charter acts
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  • Charter Act 1793

    • Renewed Charter Act for another 20 years
    • GG’s power was increased over subordinate presidencies

 

  • Charter Act 1813

 

    • Renewed Charter Act for another 20 years
    • Expressly asserted crown’s sovereignty over British India
    • Rs 1 lakh to promote education
    • Christian missionaries permitted in India
    • Separate account for company’s territorial and commercial revenues
    • Commercial monopoly of company ended except for tea and China

 

  • Charter Act 1833

 

    • GG of Bengal was made GG of India and vested in him civil and military powers (William Bentinck)
    • Legislative powers were vested with GG and abolished legislative powers of Madras and Bombay
    • Laws under previous acts were called regulations now ACTS
    • Commercial activities of company was ended which became an administrative which kept Indian territory under company ‘in trust for his majesty, his heirs and successors
    • Attempted introduction of Indian Civil Service with open competition for selection and affirmed Indians should not be barred but this was negated by opposition from court of directors
    • GG’s council was added with 4th member for legislative purposes and Lord Macaulay constituted the law commission and the central legislative council was formed

 

  • Charter Act 1853

 

    • Higher posts in administration thrown open to competitive examination; Macaulay committee 1854 was formed to enforce this
    • Higher posts in administration thrown open to competitive examination; Macaulay committee 1854 was formed to enforce this
    • Law member was made the full member of GG’s Exe. Council, who from there on, carried out only executive functions after separation of legislative functions
    • Company’s rule was extended without specifying the time period of extension, which indicated the termination at any time
    • BOD reduced from 24 to 18, 6 nominated.